The International roundtable on assessment of Kazakhstan’s membership and chairmanship in the UN Security Council took place in Astana on April 26. The event was organized by the Public association known as “Association of Political Studies”.
The roundtable was attended by the expert on Central Asia, the editor-in-chief of the magazine “Open Central Asia” Mark Ahmed from the UK. He made a presentation on the topic “Non-permanent membership of Kazakhstan in the UN Security Council”. In his speech the expert focused on the main approaches of Kazakhstan’s program in the UN.
In his speech he said: “The important priority of Astana on the UN platform remains the promotion of peace-making initiatives within the UN aimed at building a world without nuclear weapons. Thus, in December 2015, the General Assembly of the UN adopted the Universal Declaration on achieving a nuclear-weapon-free world initiated by Nursultan Nazarbayev. In addition, the priorities of Kazakhstan’s membership are formulated in the political address of the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev (in January 2017). These include the implementation of preventive diplomacy, the promotion and strengthening of confidence-building measures, the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, conflict resolution and countering international terrorism.”
The expert emphasized that the manifesto of Nursultan Nazarbayev “The World. The 21st century” represents an almost ready road map for action by the international community to strengthen global security and stability.
Mark Ahmed said: “The UN must respond to contemporary realities, the current format of existing and potential threats to global stability and security. In the XXI century there are new players with high pace of development, a vivid example of which is Kazakhstan with its international activity. In its manifesto, the RK calls on the world community to adopt a programme aimed at a progressive movement towards a world completely free of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction. The document calls for the formation of a global coalition of Nations for peace and security under the aegis of the UN, a new strategy for the UN Conference on Disarmament, as well as the establishment of a nuclear-free zone in the Middle East.”
As one of the main tasks of the UN Security Council and the international community in the near future, the expert sees the need to solve the Afghan problem.
The publisher of “OCA” magazine also noted: “The key role is to promote intra-Afghan political dialogue. Only through this dialogue, a long-term stabilization of the situation in Afghanistan is possible. It requires comprehensive assistance to the IRA, purpose of which is to address the socio-economic problems that are becoming one of the causes of the spread of terrorism and extremism. There is a need for close coordination between the countries of the region and the international community under the aegis of the United Nations.”
In his opinion, organizing a control in the information field of the country, as well as practical measures to deprive the terrorist groups operating in the IRA of sources of funding, freedom of movement and possibility of recruitment, are effective.
Mark Ahmed added: “The problem of drug production in Afghanistan and subsequent transit of narcotic substances through the territories of neighboring countries in the CIS and Europe requires priority attention. Its solution would deprive terrorists of sources of funding. One of the options for solving the Afghan problem, as well as other regional challenges, is the possibility of using Kazakhstan’s non-permanent membership in the UN Security Council in 2017-2018.”
In general, the roundtable participants indicated that Kazakhstan is proposing a program that has long been implemented in other international organizations and finds support. It has long shown countries an example of solving political, economic and social problems for the benefit of all peoples. Kazakhstan has successful experience in implementing peace-making efforts and mediation in solving a number of regional conflicts. The state became widely known thanks to the recognized successful presidencies of the OSCE, OIC, SCO and other international agencies. Kazakhstan defends the common interests of the Central Asian States on the platform of the UN Security Council.
Representatives of the Government and deputies of Kazakhstan, leaders and experts of non-governmental organizations, representatives from Kazakhstani and foreign research centers took part in the work of the International Roundtable “Kazakhstan’s chairmanship of the UN Security Council: new opportunities on a global scale”. In particular, experts from Russia, Armenia, Georgia, Germany and Belgium made presentations on a par with the guest from the UK.
List of participants:
- Karlygash Nurmatov (Doctor of Political Sciences, professor, Director of the Association of Political Studies, Astana)
- Tuleutay Suleymenov (First Minister of Foreign Affairs of the RK, Doctor of Political Sciences, professor)
- Matthias Dornfelt (political scientist, expert in Central Asia)
- Serik Seydumanov (Doctor of Sociological Sciences, professor, Deputy of the RK)
- Mehmet Emin Iqbal Dürre (political scientist, Orientalist, Ph.D. in historical sciences, associate professor in the department of regional studies in MSLU, Moscow)
- Zarema Shaukenova (Doctor of Sociological Sciences, corresponding member, professor, director of the Kazakh Institute of Strategic Studies under the President of RK)
- Malkhaz Gulashvili (President of Media holding “Georgian Times”)
- Karine Gevorgyan (political scientist, Orientalist)
- Kamen Velichkov (adviser on diplomatic issues of the EU delegation to the RK)
- Gary Cartwright (expert, editor-in-chief of “EU Today”)
- Alexander Kobrinskiy (Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor, director of the agency for ethno-national strategies)
- Gulnar Iskakova (Doctor of Political Sciences, professor at Shakarim State University)
- Vitaly Cyplin (Ph.D. in history, professor of the Department of International Relations and foreign policy of Russia, Saratov State University)
- Valikhan Bakhretdinov (head of the public association “Country of the Great Steppe”).
- Mark Ahmed (CA expert, publisher of “Open Central Asia” magazine)