Russia and the US expressed willingness to negotiate on reducing their nuclear potentials. The main geopolitical rivals, for whom nuclear weapons have always been an important tool in curbing each other, obviously they will understand that the atom in modern conditions of increased threats to international security must be exclusively peaceful.
Currently there are so many nuclear weapons in the world that it would be enough to destroy entire planet. And not just once. The powerful atomic bomb is able in few seconds to erase from the face of the earth a million populated city. Therefore, the question of disarmament now, when nuclear weapons could fall into the hands of terrorists, as relevant as ever. And all understand it. That is why the nuclear security summit in Washington gathered together the leaders of nearly fifty countries of the planet. On this presentation forum the first floor was given to the President of Kazakhstan. This country shows the rest the example of how to use the potential of the atom.
Kazakhstan is the world leader in the production and reserves of uranium ore by complicated and extremely costly process of enrichment, has the potential to become the basis for creating nuclear weapons. But in the case with Kazakhstan the world community has no fear. The country in its history already possessed nuclear weapons. Neither more nor less the fourth largest arsenal in the world inherited after the collapse of the Soviet Union. But Kazakhstan voluntarily gave it up. Although there were experts, and all the necessary infrastructure for the nuclear weapons program. But the president of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev and then believed and now is confident that the real security guarantees to any country can only be given by a sustainable socio-economic development, and not the “red button”.
One must admit that the world practice has proved the correctness of such position. The presence of nuclear weapons in one or even both sides has not helped to contain none of the conflicts from recent history. And certainly it has no effect in the case of national-ethnic conflicts and the fight against terrorism. So, nuclear capability has not provided security in Pakistan, a country that for almost 18 years among the “nuclear club”. The terrorist threat level there is through the roof. The number of militant attacks in Pakistan is in the top three along with Iraq and Afghanistan. Last raid terrorists carried out 27 March in Lahore. Then 70 people died, nearly 300 were injured. Most on these lists are women and children. Terrorists carried out an explosion outside the right children’s park. Due to the terrorist attack, the prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif canceled a trip to the summit in Washington. Although he was expected there. Pakistan, possessing substantial nuclear capabilities, still refuses to participate in important international agreements concerning the sphere of the atom. Thus Pakistan along with India and Israel refused to sign the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. In Islamabad, apparently, is still not fully recognized that in the current circumstances, nuclear weapons for the country-owner possess more danger than provides security. Especially in case when the terrorist threat level reaches such scales.
About the use of threat of weapons of mass destruction by terrorist and that this threat is becoming a reality, demanding concrete action from world leaders was saying the President of Kazakhstan at the summit in Washington. Nursultan Nazarbayev reiterated the idea of establishing a global network of combating terrorism with the participation of all countries. By the way, for the first time with this initiative Kazakh leader spoke in September last year from the UN tribune. Even before the terrorist attacks in Paris and Brussels. But only after the bloody attacks in the heart of Europe about the necessity to unite in a coalition began to talk other world leaders.
In his speech Nursultan Nazarbayev in fact put forward a new paradigm in the field of nuclear security, which implies a departure from the old system. Its functioning regulate the number of documents in the sphere of the atom, none of which don’t work properly. Nazarbayev proposed to bring them into one document – a new universal Treaty on General complete non-proliferation and elimination of nuclear weapons. Such a contract could exclude the application of “double standards” and ensure effective mechanisms of sanctions against violators. In addition, Astana offers to prevent the process of creating nuclear weapons and prohibit the use of scientific discoveries that can contribute to this.
It is important to note that in this case Kazakhstan doesn’t urge to abandon the atom altogether. On the contrary Astana actively supports the development of nuclear energy as important areas of global energy supply. Today just under a third of the world population do not have access to electricity. The planet needs are growing and as it is expected in 20 years energy consumption will grow at least twice. Therefore, progress in the field of nuclear power is a vital factor of global sustainable development.
In Astana this is understood and already not just proposed, but implemented the initiative, which will provide necessary nuclear fuel – low enriched uranium. Without being afraid of what any of the countries cross the line and begin to enrich the ore to the point where it can be used to create weapons. To this end Kazakhstan has agreed to host on its territory the world’s first low enriched uranium Bank of the IAEA. In the future, any countries which would wish to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes could use its resources. Then they will have no need to design and create enrichment.
In this context, one understands that when in the international arena, Kazakhstan is a model and an example in the field of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation this is not just a rant. These are the words backed up by fact. Things that Kazakhstan has been making over the past quarter of a century. Country, being after the collapse of the Soviet Union one of the center’s of the nuclear threat has become a global center of safety and development of the peaceful atom.