The materials of the regular issue of the international popular science monthly Miras published by the National Institute of Manuscripts of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan popularize the richest spiritual, historical and cultural heritage of the Turkmen people, reflect the general regularities and trends in historical science in Turkmenistan in the modern period in close interrelationship with literature including social and political journalism, art history, philosophy, sociology and other fields of knowledge. The issue begins with the keynote speech delivered by President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov at the Elders’ Council meeting, which took place in Dashoguz this May. As is known, the epoch-making decisions were adopted at this meeting. A special place on the pages of the issue is given to the Turkmen leader’s address congratulating the Turkmen scientific community on the Science Day. Today, in the epoch of new Revival the new infrastructure is being developed in the country for the national science that is given the state support and based on the system of moral incentives and material stimulation of creative initiatives. This is illustrated by the contest of research papers among young scientist and students held by the Central Council of Magtymguly Youth Organization of Turkmenistan.
In his address to the winners of this contest the President of Turkmenistan said that “the ultimate goal and purport of the policy pursued by our state in the science and technology sector is to enhance the intellectual potential of the Turkmen nation, bring up a generation of well-educated youth with broad outlook and mature world view who work selflessly so as to enhance fame of the Motherland.”
The articles dedicated to the international exhibitions and forums including the scientific conference “Mollanepes and the Life of the Turkmen in XIX Century”, “Turkmen Horses and the World Art of Horse Breeding”, “Turkmen Carpet – A Property of the Nation”, “Science, Technologies and Innovations in the Epoch of Fundamental Reforms” and the International Festival of the Turkmen of the World “The Turkmen Land – the Country of Reforms” provide a clear view of the chronicle and a variety of large-scale events that facilitate international cooperation in the spheres of science, culture and education.
The articles focus on the progress of our versatile culture, education, nearly each sphere of the life of our society. This sociological approach to history is not only reasonable but also necessary in the new historical realities. The tasks set to the national culture in the modern period are reflected in this vein in A. Saparmuhammedov’s article “Along the Great Path of Progress” that analyzes interrelation between culture and the socio-historical process in present-day Turkmenistan.
The article “The Karakum Desert – the Cradle of Civilization” of a Turkmen historian H. Yusupov will be of keen interest not only to professionals but also a broad readership. The author tells about the unique archeological finds discovered in the central regions of the Karakum Desert and nearby the Chelekn Island. The in-depth analysis of work tools used by primitive people and other discoveries enabled to substantially expand the knowledge about the past of Turkmenistan and receive the new material for characterizing the earliest stages of the socioeconomic and cultural evolution and the geological history of the Karakum Desert.
The monograph of an Uzbek scientist Sh. Kemaleddin dedicated to the aspects of the study of the origin of the Samanids is published under the heading “New Discoveries and Innovations”. The author dwells on the documentary sources about one of the most powerful dynasties of the rulers of Maveranahr found in the written documents that belong to different epochs and peoples and tracks its origin and historical ‘biography’.
An important aspect of the historical science is the study of interrelation between cultures, nations and civilizations. The journal contains the article of H. Jumanazarov, a specialist of the National Institute of Manuscripts of Turkmenistan “The Centres of Education, Science and Culture in the Great Seljuk Empire”. Developing this theme by providing the concrete examples and research results, the author comes to the conclusion that the empire founded by the rulers belonging to the powerful dynasty of Great Seljuks had laid the reliable foundation for further flourishing of education, science and culture and gave a powerful impetus to progressive thought and enlightenment in the following epochs.
The last section of the journal presents the materials dedicated to the celebrations in honour of the 200th birth anniversary of an outstanding Turkmen poet Mollanepes. The classical poet’s image revived on the pages of the journal is illuminated by the light of the new epoch in the history of the Turkmen nation. This angle of view lets not only to evaluate the prominence of the poet’s personality and the significance of his literary legacy but also see the genetically continuity of the historical fate of the national fate.
Thus, the articles in this issue reflect the most important aspects and stages in the study and promotion of the cultural heritage. As a sociological coverage of research themes extends, the social significance of the historical science grows in the modern period, and therefore the authors’ circle and readership of the Miras Journal published in Turkmen, Russian and English are expanded. The issue is richly illustrated with colour photographs and illustrations.