During April 6th-7th, 2010, Kyrgyzstan returned to where it began on March 24th in 2005. The April coup or revolution (as you wish to call it) will remain in history as a terrible and bloody event. As a result of power struggles, about 1500 people were left wounded and 84 died – ordinary citizens, supporters of the opposition, law enforcement officers. At the end, the power went to the opponents of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev at a very expensive price. Would the temporary government justify our expectations, the lives of these heroes and the affected private and governmental property?
Our country had witnessed two dejavus. First, it was Bakiyev’s regime, which practically identically reflected Akayev’s governmental management. Plundered public funds allowed it to feed and nourish the luxurious lifestyle of the ruling clan and the elite. Billions of dollars were injected into the repressive apparatus, which suppressed all dissent and outrage of ordinary people. Murder and persecution of the opposition led to a quiet cemetery of murdered opposition leaders, journalists and religious people who did not wish to worship the imposed conditions. It is the Internet in the Procrustean bed, media with ripped out tongues. Such a policy is anti-humane and does not correspond with the principles of a democratic state of law in the 21st century.
The second dejavu we now witness is the new temporary government. In fact, this group of opposition leaders is the same set of people we saw in Bakiyev’s team 5 years ago. Except that some people fell out of it, such as Kurmanbek Bakiyev. This fact already raises many questions to the temporary government. What do we see today? The new ruling power steps on the same stones. We see a lack of coherence, and perhaps understanding. Close associates and relatives are being appointed to key positions. Waves of raider attacks continue to take place on behalf of the opposition, but the association to which the new authorities deny. At the same time the temporary government distributes populist promises. However, bills for electricity and heat come for payment with the same high tariffs.
Appeal to support Silk Road Media office in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
The situation in the country is very ambiguous. The new authorities seem to walk as if on a minefield. Once the public understood that they could easily switch the government rulers, each careless step made by the new government could lead yet to another revolution and series of routs. The Kyrgyz people have realized that they can fight for democracy by force of arms and this is an additional factor influencing the behavior of Kyrgyz politicians. Could this be a lesson to them and a discipline for them to avoid another massacre between one another. Kyrgyz history is full of such examples, when the bloody inter-clan, intergeneric and intertribal wars took place two centuries ago.
Right now to demand something serious from the temporary government is unrealistic, because the primary need is to recover in these next six months, after all the riots and looting. This requires time and more time. However, educated and not indifferent opinion leaders very quickly realized that their assistance and support is necessary. Almost simultaneously committees, unions, youth movements were organized to monitor, especially the personnel policies, and direct the actions of the temporary government and help those who lost businesses and suffered from the marauders.
The 2005 events could be called a revolution, because at that time the southern elite, headed by Bakiyev, overthrew the northern elite, headed by Akayev and it was a revolution in the fullest sense of the word. However, this revolution – is not a revolution, but a democratic revolution in the fullest sense of the word, because people fought for their primary human rights and freedoms and for their future.
History once again gives Kyrgyzstan a chance to build a truly democratic country. Undoubtedly, the new authorities are working in extremely difficult circumstances. In this situation, they simply do not have the right to make egregious errors, from which history has now tried to wean power away from the elite. Do we need a third lesson?
Today society cannot relax. Otherwise, when the euphoria subsides, it may be that the new government could turn out to be more bitter than the former. The old system of bureaucratic values would still be able to take revenge. This, at least, was once again taught to us by our history.
The temporary government now needs to understand the most important issue: Today the Kyrgyz people are waiting for changes even more so than they did five years ago. This means that the responsibility of a temporary worker has also repeatedly increased. If expectations are not fulfilled, it is possible that the April events will be remembered as bringing nothing to Kyrgyzstan.