In the end of October 2015 OCA magazine were invited to Russian Federation, Science city Dubna, Moscow Region, organized by Ross Sotrudnichestvo, Mayor of Dubna city and Moscow region governor and been introduced ….for different aspects of live in Dubna city, such as high technology, Special Economic zone and it’s benefits, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna State University and its students and environment, social life, art & crafts, tourism attractions, and of course beautiful nature. This trip changes our perception for business development in Russia, and how attractive it could be. And we want to share our experience, and information about Dubna.
Dubna is science city, dates from the time immediately after the end of World War II on the bank of the Volga river, 120 km from Moscow, where the Moscow canal joins Volga river.
With population 75.2 thousand people, great and unique environment and the atmosphere for a science city was created. Dubna offers favourable ecological condition, pine and birch forests, river and lakes.
From Moscow to Dubna can be reached by car or bus to Dmitrov highway or rail links from Savelovsky Station (train, express train). The nearest international airport “Sheremetyevo” is located 80 km from Dubna. From Moscow to Dubna also binds the waterway – the Moscow Canal.
The city has modern communication systems and telecommunications (telecommunications, cellular communications, space communications, fiber optic data link).
Twin Cities: La Crosse (Wisconsin, USA), Givat Shmuel (Israel), Alushta (Russia) Lincang (Yunnan, China), Goldap (Poland), Kurchatov (Kazakhstan), Nova Dubnica (Slovakia), in formative stage agreement with the city of Nova Gorica (Slovenia).
Modern Dubna is known worldwide as a center for science and high technology. It is the only city in Russia, which is immortalized in Mendeleev’s Periodic Table, one of the scientists synthesized in Dubna elements with atomic number 105 was named ‘Dubnium’.
History and development of Dubna is directly linked to town-forming organizations and enterprises located in the city. Since 1956. the city grew and developed around a 5-core enterprises: Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (year of establishment – 1956.), Dubna Machine-Building Plant (1939.), Engineering Design Bureau “Raduga” (1951.), Instrument Plant ‘tensor’ (1973. ) and the Research Institute ‘Atoll’ (1976.). By the mid 80s the city was formed, known as the Research and Production Center of Russia. Half of the working population of the city at that time, one way or another been associated with science and high technology.
World famous city received in the first place, as an international research center, in connection with activities on its territory, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) – an international intergovernmental research organization, in which assumes constant participation of 18 countries. On the physical facilities of the Institute made a number of discoveries in the field of nuclear physics, new elements are synthesized. JINR Dubna for many years cooperated with the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, with the physical centers of France, Germany, USA, Italy and other countries.
Since 1994, the city became more and university center in connection with the establishment of the educational institutions of the Moscow region – International University of Nature, Society and Man “Dubna”. In 2001 the university granted the status of ‘University of the Governor’ order of the Governor of Moscow region of 26.07.2001g. N-611 NG approved a program of development for 2001-2005.
A distinctive feature of the city of Dubna since its inception (1956) is that it is developed as a cozy fit for maximum creativity, research and engineering the city. The town has a unique experience of international cooperation. Convenient location of the city, highly skilled workers, advanced communications infrastructure and services, the availability of the city branches of the leading banks in Russia, the customs post, the Chamber of Commerce, beautiful natural conditions make the city Dubna attractive for business development.
By the mid-1950s the world had come to realize that nuclear science could not be locked in secret laboratories and that only wide international co-operation could ensure progress in this fundamental realm of human knowledge and peaceful utilization of atomic energy. In 1954 the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) was established near Geneva to unite the efforts of West European countries in studying the fundamental properties of the microcosm.
About the same time, under the stimulus of the USSR Government, the countries then belonging to the socialist world took a decision to establish the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research on the basis of the INP and EFLAN. The agreement on the establishment of the Institute was signed on 26 March 1956 in Moscow. The same year specialists from 12 countries came to Dubna. The town became international. Investigations in many fields of nuclear physics of interest for research centres of the JINR Member States were launched here.
The history of JINR is associated with such outstanding scientists as D.I. Blokhintsev, N.N. Bogoliubov, H. Hulubei (Romania),L. Infeld (Poland), L. Janossy (Hungary), I.V. Kurchatov, H. Niewodniczanski (Poland), A.M. Petrosiants, E.P. Slavsky, I.E. Tamm, A.V. Topchiev, and many others.
What is JINR today? It is a world-known centre for fundamental nuclear research where scientists unite their efforts to gain better insight into the surrounding world. Besides, here the fundamental research is combined with applied investigations and university education.
For more than 15 years, JINR has been participating in the implementation of the programme to establish an innovation belt in Dubna. In 2005, the RF government signed the Resolution “On the establishment of a special economic zone of the technology-innovative type in the territory of Dubna”. The specific character of JINR has been revealed in the SEZ appeal: nuclear physics and information technologies. More than 50 innovative projects have been prepared by the Joint Institute to be implemented in the special economic zone; 9 companies – “Dubna” SEZ residents have their origin at JINR.
JINR today is an internationally recognized centre for fundamental nuclear studies where scientists unite their efforts to gain better insight into the surrounding world. The fundamental studies under way here are combined with applied research and university education in the relevant fields of knowledge.
Technological Innovation Special Economic Zone “Dubna” was established in the territory of Dubna, Moscow region by RF Government Decree #781 of December 21, 2005. Special Economic Zones of Technological Innovation Type are set up for increase of Russian market share in international markets of hi-tech products and machinery development for concentration of intellectual assets and other resources for solutions of priority tasks in S&T sphere in modern conditions and in definite territory.
Areas of activities developed in SEZ Dubna
– Information technologies
-Nuclear physics technologies and nanotechnologies
-Biological and medical technologies
-Complex engineering systems
Technological Innovation Activity means creation, production and sale of scientific and technical products, creation and implementation of computer programs, data bases, IC topologies, information systems, rendering services for introduction and support of such products, programs, bases, topologies and systems, production of scientific and technical products.
At present at SEZ Dubna has been registered 96 resident-companies, of them 35 companies specialize in information technologies, 35 companies – in nuclear physics (nano) technologies and bio- and medical technologies, 26 companies – in designing complex technological systems. At the same time 35 companies plan own construction, 41 companies – lease of premises. 15 more applications of the companies for the status of resident are under consideration.
Social infrastructure of the Special Economic Zone
For temporary sojourn of invited specialists and highly skilled specialists 2 apartment-type hostels, a polyclinic, multifunctional sports centre have been constructed, reconstruction of access roads has been done at the expense of the RF budget and the local budget. Specialists of the resident companies have an opportunity to acquire housing on mortgage lending terms and conditions. Construction of a school, 2 children’s day care centres, first apartment houses for specialists of the SEZ resident companies in adjoining territory is in process.
Benefits of being a SEZ resident in Russia
SEZ is a large-scale federal project aimed at regional development by drawing direct foreign and Russian investments to the hi-tech economy industries, import-substituting production, manufacturing, shipbuilding and tourism. SEZs are established for the duration of 49 years and allow SEZ residents to retain the right to buy land at a discounted rate after they start production activities.
These zones provide companies with a unique opportunity to use the full range of Russia’s investment opportunities for manufacturing goods that sell for globally competitive prices while avoiding typical concerns related to non-market business pressures and inefficient administration.
SEZ residents enjoy special guarantees by the Government of the Russian Federation for businesses operating in Russia:
- Tax preferences: for the SEZ residents income tax rate is set at 0-13.5% instead of 20%; residents of Technology and Innovation and Tourist and Recreational SEZs (which are combined into a cluster) are exempt from income tax; property and transport taxes are lifted for 10-15 years; at the federal level investors are exempt from land tax for 5-10 years.
- Modern transport and social, customs and other infrastructure for business development financed by the state.
- Special custom regime of free customs area which means that investors operating in the SEZ territory don’t have to pay customs duty and VAT for foreign goods (it is also forbidden to use prohibitions and restrictions of economic character).
- Reduced administrative barriers and access to the qualified personnel resources.
- Simplified migration regime for highly qualified foreign staff, involved in the special economic zone.
SEZ mechanism is highly appealing for attracting foreign investors, which allows potential investors to use preferential government support. SEZs have the potential to reduce investor expenses up to 30%.
By Aleksandra Vlasova